WASHINGTON, Forty U.S. non-governmental organisations (NGOs) are calling on Congress to fully fund Washington's share of U.N. peacekeeping operations, many of which have been promoted by the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush.
Throughout the twentieth century, the list of the world's great powers was predictably short: the United States, the Soviet Union, Japan, and northwestern Europe. The twenty-first century will be different. China and India are emerging as economic and political heavyweights: China holds over a trillion dollars in hard currency reserves, India's high-tech sector is growing by leaps and bounds, and both countries, already recognized nuclear powers, are developing blue-water navies. The National Intelligence Council, a U.S. government think tank, projects that by 2025, China and India will have the world's second- and fourth-largest economies, respectively. Such growth is opening the way for a multipolar era in world politics.
The US uses its aid budget to bribe those countries which have a vote in the United Nations security council, giving them 59 per cent more cash in years when they have a seat, according to research by economists.
South Korea's former foreign minister Ban Ki-moon assumes duties as the new U.N. secretary-general on Jan. 1. Ban takes over a cash-strapped organisation described- rightly or wrongly- as mostly mismanaged, inefficient, over-staffed and politically-manipulated primarily by the United States, and to a lesser extent by the remaining four veto-wielding big powers: Britain, France, China and Russia.
10 December 2006 marks the 58th birthday of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was adopted and proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948. During the last 60 years many achievements have been made in the name of human rights, but considerable challenges still remains to be fulfilled in making human rights an irreversible reality in the world.