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Addressing inequality is crucial for delivering the promise to eradicate extreme global poverty. When seen through a child’s lens, it is also an important objective in its own right that should be reflected as an urgent international goal, argues a report by Save the Children.
2nd November 2012 - Published by Save the ChildrenIn some countries, the gulf between the richest and poorest families has increased by up to 179% over the past two decades according to the findings of Born Equal.
What’s more, the gap between rich and poor children has grown by 35% and in some countries more than twice the numbers of poor children die before the age of five than rich children.
Our report, which comes as David Cameron prepares to co-chair a high level UN panel on global poverty today, highlights that children are hit twice as hard by inequality, despite its causes not being of their making.
Poorest of the poor excluded
The report argues that against a backdrop of overwhelming progress (extreme income poverty has dropped from 2 billion in 1990 to less than 1.3 billion today and child mortality has almost halved) the poorest of the poor have too often been excluded.
This means that children living in the same country may have vastly different chances of surviving to the age of five, getting a good education and eating a nutritious diet.
According to the report, now that 70% of the world’s poorest people live in middle income countries, tackling inequality is one of the most effective ways to accelerate progress towards eradicating global poverty.
Inequality must be addressed
Save the Children’s Chief Executive, Justin Forsyth, said: “In recent decades the world has made dramatic progress in cutting child deaths and improving opportunities for children; we are now reaching a tipping point where preventable child deaths could be eradicated in our lifetime.
"But this will only happen if we redouble our efforts and tackle inequality. Unless inequality is addressed, the MDGs and any future development framework will simply not succeed in maintaining or accelerating progress.
"What’s more, it will hold individual countries – and the world – back from experiencing real growth and prosperity,” he added.
Born Equal also highlights:
|Climate Change & Environment|
|Global Financial Crisis|
|Global Conflicts & Militarization|
|IMF, World Bank & Trade|
|Poverty & Inequality|
|Aid, Debt & Development|
|The UN, People & Politics|
|Food Security & Agriculture|
|Health, Education & Shelter|
|Land, Energy & Water|
|Economic Sharing & Alternatives|