The threat of climate change and global warming, fueled by relentless commercialization and excessive consumption, has turned into a fighting ground for both policymakers and concerned citizens. The coming decade is set to determine not only a collective response to reducing carbon emissions, but the entire future direction for international development and the global justice movement.
An international movement made up of governments, scientists, and activists are working to gain recognition for the notion of environmental rights. The idea is not as radical as it sounds, explains Maude Barlow in an interview with Madeline Ostrander.
Negotiations at the Nagoya Convention on Biological Diversity were hailed a success by supporters of market-based approaches to biodiversity protection. But many of the schemes agreed to could easily turn good intentions into bad outcomes, especially for local communities and ecosystems, argues Anne Petermann.
In order to be effective, a global deal on climate change must address more than just emissions reductions. It also needs to deal with issues such as climate debt, the protection of universal human rights and adaptation, according to a series of factsheets by the Institute for Policy Studies et al.
Low expectations at the climate talks in Cancun may be a blessing in disguise. While a new emissions reduction regime looks unlikely, the possible establishment of new structures on finance, technology and adaptation offer hope for progress, says Martin Khor.
Stopping a further rise in global greenhouse gas emissions depends on a multilateral accord that ensures global cooperation, burden sharing and accountability. Despite the crisis of legitimacy hampering current negotiations, there is still hope for a meaningful outcome, says Tom Athanasiou.
Over the next two weeks of climate talks in Cancun, carbon speculators and traders will aggressively argue that market mechanisms are necessary to tackle global warming. It is up to the environmental justice movement to convince governments otherwise, writes Nnimmo Bassey.
REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation) – a market-friendly scheme on the table at the UN climate negotiations – may benefit corporations, but not forests and indigenous peoples, warn two reports by Friends of the Earth and Greenpeace International.